The history of honey is very long. It is estimated that it appeared on Earth some 30 million years ago. In Valencia, Spain, wall paintings were discovered which depict a woman gathering honey dated at 12,000 years ago. Primitive man fought bears and bees to get honey. Not only honey was eaten, but also pollen and bee larvae. Honey is an element of culture. It was believed to be the drink of the gods, for Christians it was a symbol of wealth, associated with the ‘land of milk and honey’. Honey was also known for its healing properties discovered by Egyptians. It was placed in the pyramids, the tombs of pharaohs; it was even a tender used to pay wages.

Honey is made by honey bees and Hymenoptera by processing nectar from melliferous plants into a sweet drink.

As a rule honey is fair, but there are honey types ranging from dark yellow to brown in colour. Initially liquid, honey may crystallise in time depending on the nectar, pollen or honeydew it comes from, and maturity. In spite of crystallisation honey does not lose its nutritional or healing properties. Basically honey is divided into: blossom (flower) honey, honeydew honey (much more rare) and mixed honey.

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